Goat's milk is consumed at a higher rate in non-western societies. 65 percent of all milk consumption in the world is derived from goats. In the western world, however, increased goat herding has created a larger market. A quart of goat milk may fetch a higher price, but it has much higher nutritional value. You can find goat milk in many grocery chains around the country, or you can use the milk from your herd of pet goats.
Many farmers who sell goat milk commercially do not use growth hormones. Milk goats also tend to be free-range on hill or mountainous regions. They are also not subject to commercial farming methods such as being confined or constantly being milked for mass consumption.
Regarding fats and lipids, goat milk has a higher fat content than cow milk, but it is also higher in medium chain triglycerides (MCT), which has numerous health benefits for the body. Goat milk is also easily digestible because it doesn't clump easily as bovine milk.
For those suffering from the inability to digest lactose, goat's milk is much lower in lactose, and it has a lower carbohydrate level.
And when it comes to vitamins, you not only have a much higher Vitamin A content, but you also have a different form of Vitamin A that strangely renders the goat milk whiter in color. With goat's milk, you'll also get higher amounts of niacin B3 and B6, along with folic acid B12 and B9.
For minerals, goat milk has higher antioxidants, including selenium. Other minerals in higher dosages include phosphorus, copper, calcium, potassium, magnesium and zinc.
However, goat's milk is a tad higher in sodium, which could be a problem for those looking to reduce salt intake. But the salt is only one percent higher in a standard glass of milk.
For vegetarians out there, goat's milk is also higher in protein, and contains essential amino acid building blocks for a healthy diet. The proteins in goat milk also contain different structures that cause fewer allergic reactions in humans.
It contains less alpha-s1-casein, which not only causes cow milk to curd, but it is also an element that sparks allergic reactions in people. Goat's milks contains 89 percent less s1 casein. Many people with allergic reactions to cow milk can drink goat milk as an alternative. Goat milk also does not contain agglutinin, an element that separates the fat from cow's milk.
And where goat milk truly defeats cow milk is the fact that it is naturally homogenized. When the dairy industry homogenizes cow milk, it releases a chemical from fat globules known as Xanthine Oxidase, which causes a host of issues for the body, including cancer formation. The increase of vitamins and nutrients in goat milk makes it superior over the cow variety, but there are some areas where bovine milk is a better choice for other people.
Cow Milk Benefits
Even though goat's milk has higher folic acid, cow milk is still much higher in Vitamin B12, which is essential in building white blood cells. Cow's milk also has more folate, but this is not too much of an issue since most people get enough folate in their diets. Cow's milk also has higher amounts of riboflavin and Vitamin B2.
And aside from vitamins and nutrients, cow's milk is also cheaper and much easier to find than goat's milk. Goat's milk varies from state to state, along with supply and demand, but it generally runs in the area of $5 per gallon. But with cow's milk also going up due to rising fuel prices, cow milk is becoming more expensive.
And because of increaed awarness of homogenized milk and growth hormones, you're starting to see organic milk being offered at mainstream grocery chains, along with other milk alternatives like almond milk. All of these choices will make it harder for goat-based milk to further penetrate the market. But if you're looking for an alternatives, goat milk is just one of the numerous choices out there if you're looking to depart from commercialized brands.