Also called the Shami goat, the Damascus goat is native to the Middle East. They can be found in Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, and Palestine. A multi-purpose goat, this goat historically provided its breeders with meat, milk, hair and leather.
If the doe was provided with proper care and feed, it can produce large quantities of milk. Besides that, the Damascus goats are particularly noted for their prolificacy. They are able to birth triplets or quadruplets. Their milk is noted to rich in protein and fat. Their milks are cultured to make leben, yogurt, labaneh and other cheeses. The ability to produce milk under harsh changing climates makes them the preferred goat for breeders in the Middle East.
They majorly come with reddish brown, brown and black coats but nowadays, they can also be found in white, beige, grey and other shades. They have a well-developed and strong body structure. Their backs are straight and strong and their tails are carried vivaciously and vertically to the ground. They have long legs and they have strong limbs. With a convex head, they come with small Roman noses. The buck usually appear to have shorter necks that those of the does but it only appears that way because bucks are comparatively thicker and more massive than the does. The Damascus goats also have long ears that droop from the upper part of its head.
Quite a large breed of goats, their heights measure more or less about 75 cm. Their weights range about 60 - 80 kg. With longhaired double coat, their coats and hair offer protection from cold and hot weather. The Damascus goat can be able survive on scarce grazing land and little feed. Nowadays, they are also kept as house pets because they have good temperament and are easily adaptable.