The Murciana goat breed was formally recognized in the 16th century in accordance with breeding policies posed by the Sheepmaster\'s Guild in Spain. Also known as Royal Murciana, Murcien and Murciene, the goat breed was bred and domesticated in the country\'s Murcia province, hence the name. While the breed was also bred for its meat, it became notable for the milk it produced, which was of excellent quality and high in butterfact. This made Murciana milk a great choice for cheese-making, so the breed was exported and bred using select stock. The result of this selective breeding was a great milk-producing goat breed which was also easy to maintain and feed.
The breed is easy to care for because it is used to the dry and arid conditions of the Murcian pastures. The climate in the area produced grazing fields which are not lush with grass, so the breed learned to make do with native grasses and even wild herbs. Even with this diet, the breed is still known as one of the best milk producers among goat breeds. They can produce up to 600 kilos of milk for each lactation cycle. While the output is still low compared to other breeds, the milk they produce has richer flavor and is highly in-demand in the country\'s cheese-making industry.
Murciana goats are easy to spot due to their lush and sleek coat that comes in different shades of Mahogany. They have short ears and an equally short, sturdy tail.