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Nigora goat


ANGBA SUGGESTED STANDARD OF THE NIGORA GOATIntroduction, General Description, Conformation and Characteristics of the Nigora Goat:The Nigora was created to be a medium sized, dual purpose breed; it's conformation, character and style shall be that of a healthy, well proportioned animal, capable of producing milk as well as three distinct types of fleece. The Nigora should exhibit a rectangular build, refinement, bone structure/substance and angularity typical of that of a well formed miniature dairy goat. Fleece amount and coverage will vary according to the breeding ratio of the Nigora and type of fleece exhibited by the animal. Purpose: The Nigora is perfect for micro-eco niche business, Urban goat keeping, small homesteading & personal family use; they also make great pets. Nigoras are, on average, amicable little goats, their friendly dispositions and smaller size making them especially easy to handle for children and seniors. Predominant Bloodlines: Nigerian Dwarf Dairy Goat and/or Swiss Type Mini Dairy Breeds (i.e.: Mini Alpine, Mini Saanen, Mini Sable, Mini Oberhasli, Mini Toggenburg) crossed with any recognized Angora breed (i.e.: Commercial White, Colored Angora, or Navajo Angora). Grade Nigoras are allowed (see below under "Classifications").Height: The suggested ideal height range of the Nigora is a minimum of 19" with a maximum of 29"; does average a smaller heights than bucks.Ears: Ear set may vary between erect (like Nigerians and the Swiss type Mini Dairy breeds) or dropped (like the Angora) but should match in adult animals. Eyes: Any color. Color/Markings: All colors and patterns found within the Nigerian, Angora, or Swiss type Mini Dairy breeds are allowed. Horns: There is no preference as to whether Nigoras are disbudded or remain horned;Naturally polled animals are allowed.Fleece/Fiber: The Nigora exhibits a primarily a "cashgora" type fleece with threedistinct types--Type "A": Leans toward Mohair characteristics (some individuals may exhibit fullMohair)Type "B": Blend of Mohair and Cashmere (typical Cashgora fiber)Type "C": Leans toward Cashmere characteristics (some individuals may exhibitfull Cashmere)Sub-Types include "A/B" and "B/C" for fleece that fall between types. (More below).Suggested Nigora Classifications (For Registration Purposes)--"Blue List", "Red List", "Grade", and "Breeding Stock" "Blue List Class": *F-Gen Nigoras that are bred from crossing any type registered Angora (Colored, Commercial White, Navajo) to registered Nigerians OR registeredPUREBRED Mini Dairy breeds of the "Swiss type", i.e.: Mini Alpine, Mini Saanen,Mini Sable, Mini Oberhasli, Mini Toggenburg. *F-Gen= Start with an F1 Nigora(50% Nigerian or purebred Swiss type Mini Dairy goat to 50% Angora breeding) and breed accordingly from there, F2 and beyond."Red List Class": F-Gen Nigoras bred from unregistered but otherwise PUREBRED Angoras, Nigerians, and Swiss Type Mini Dairy breeds (Note: Some purebred Mini Dairy breeds may not pass registration due to color restrictions for their particular breed, this does not count against them when breeding for Nigoras)."Grade Class": Goats from either unknown, or "alternate" breeding that fit the standard may be registered as a "Grade Nigora". Following is a list of alternate breed crosses for "Grade Nigoras" (Nigoras bred from Mini Dairys registered as "Experimentals" or "Americans" would also fit in this category):-Nigerian, or registered Mini Dairy (Swiss type) crossed to the following: Pygora,Pycazz (Pygora x Cashmere), or "true" Cashgora (Angora x Cashmere)-Angora crossed to the following: Nigerian x Pygmy, Swiss type Mini Dairy xPygmy, Casherian (Cashmere x Nigerian), Swiss type Mini Dairy x Cashmere,Swiss type Mini Dairy x Pygora, Nigerian x Pycazz, etc.Whenever possible try to select your Nigora breeding stock from goats that fallinto the Blue List or Red List categories. If certain breeds are absolutely notavailable in your area (i.e.: Angoras) but you are able to obtain one of theapproved alternatives (i.e.: Pygoras) then you may feel free to start with aGrade Nigora program using the above formulations as a guideline. When choosing an alternate breed, such as a Pygora, try to obtain ones that are predominantly Angora in breeding, i.e. 3/4 Angora) and always choose goats with conformation that is as close to the Nigora ideal possible (i.e.: Pygoras with longer neck and legs vs. stocky or boxy individuals)."Breeding Stock Class"--"Heavy Nigoras": Nigoras that consist of 1/4 Purebred Nigerian or PurebredSwiss Type Mini Dairy to 3/4 Purebred Angora breeding are classed as "Heavy"Nigoras. "Heavy" Nigoras usually exhibit larger size and more mohair like qualities to their coats, *Type "A" or "A/B" fleece being common. (*The exception being if a Navajo type Angora, or Angora having a-typical type fleece, is used.)"Light Nigoras": Nigoras that are 3/4 Purebred Nigerian or Purebred Swiss Mini Dairy to 1/4 Purebred Angora are classed as "Light" Nigoras. "Light" Nigoras may be smaller, have more dairy propensity, and exhibit the lighter cashmere type fleeces. Nigoras produced from crossing "Heavy" and "Light" Nigoras back to each other can be classified as Blue List or Red List Nigoras if their bloodlines qualify as such.*NOTE: Sometimes "Light" Nigoras may be "Slicks", having either very little or no Fleece. Slicks may be retained and bred back to Purebred Angoras or "Heavy" Nigoras. These individuals can then be classed Blue List or Red List according to qualifying bloodlines.Disqualification From Registration: Any goat that does not fit the Nigora Breed Standard for type and conformation, including those containing any of the following breeds: FULL Standard Dairy breeds (does not include PUREBRED Swiss type Mini Dairy breeds), any Meat goat breeds (i.e.: Boer, Kiko, etc), Nubian or LaMancha of ANY size, and Myotonic breeds of any kind.Suggested Working Standard:Head: The ideal head is described as a blunt triangle, wide in the backskull and tapering to a medium to medium short foreface, broad muzzled with full nostrils and a straight strong jaw, clean-cut smooth throatlatch. The Nigora face should have a straight to slightly dished profile, never convex or roman nosed.Teeth: Should be flush with dental pad. When viewed from the side the upper and lower biting structures should be symmetrical, neither over nor undershot. Goats, other than aged seniors, should exhibit a full set of teeth closely spaced and well set in the gums. Eyes: Any color, bright and alert, large enough to give good expression, not pig eyed, bulging, or squinting.Ears: Appx. medium size, fitting nicely in proportion to goat. Carriage may be reminiscent of either Nigerian or Angora, i.e. erect or drooping (but not pendulous) or somewhere in between. Should match in adult animals.Neck: Long, refined, clean-cut and blending smoothly into all body junctions. More refined and graceful in does, heavier and showing a distinct musculature, arch and masculinity in adult bucks Body--Skin: Well fitting, pliable, clean and smooth.Frame: Rectangular in build; taller at withers than at hips, smoothly blended throughout with and appearance of strength, balance, health and vigor; moderate-fine yet strong bone structure. Front end: Should exhibit arched shoulders closely attached to the withers, which are prominent and wedge-shaped, with dorsal arising slightly above the shoulder blades. Shoulder blade, point of shoulder and point of elbow should have a smooth tight fit against chest wall; full crops with moderate extension and development of brisket.Back end- topline, rump and tail: Should be strong, straight with well defined structure. Gentle slope downward from the withers with a level chine, and loin that is straight and wide. Rump strong, wide, long, nearly level to slightly sloping; drops slightly from hips to pins, wide and nearly flat between thurls; pin bones & hip bones wide apart and well defined. Hips nearly level with back. Tail head smoothly set slightly above pin bones; straight, neither broken nor set awry.Angularity: Lean and free of excess fleshing, depth and width increasing from heart girth to rear. Ribs, Thighs and Flanks: Ribs long, flat, flinty, widely spaced, fore ribs well sprung, lower ribs angled toward flank. thighs, from side, moderately incurving from pin bone to stifle; from rear, clean and wide apart, highly arched and out-curving into the escutcheon; flank well defined, deep, yet arched, free of excess tissue.Chest and Heart Girth: Deep and wide, well sprung foreribs, full in crops and point of elbow.Barrel: Strongly supported, deep, wide and long with well sprung ribs and increasing depth and width toward rear (with maturity). Forelegs: Legs should be straight, strong, well-muscled, and proportional to frame. Shoulders, knees and pasterns should be correctly angled and strong. Forequarter movement should be free and correct. Hindlegs: Rear legs should be strong, well-muscled, and proportional to frame. Hips, hocks and pasterns should be correctly angled and strong. Hindquarter movement should be free and correct. Feet: Hooves should be sturdy, broad, well-formed, and proportional to frame. Inter digital division should be adequate, and both sides of each hoof should be symmetricalReproductive System--Does: Fore udder- Wide, full to the side, moderate forward extension, free of non-lactating tissue, blending smoothly into barrel.Rear udder- Capacious, high, widely arched into escutcheon; uniformly wide and deep to floor; moderately curved in side profile without protruding beyond the vulva, blending smoothly into escutcheon.Teats- Uniform in size, of medium length and diameter, proportionate to udder size, cylindrical in shape, ideally plumb when viewed from the side or rear, situated outward of center on the floor of each udder half, orifice size to facilitate ease of milking). Support- Strong medial suspensory ligament that clearly defines the udder halves, contributes to desirable shape and capacity, and holds the udder snugly against the body and well above the hocks. Lateral attachments strong, extending well down the inside of the thigh, contributing to a large area of attachment.Quality- Shape, balance, & texture (globular; of adequate capacity with due regard to stage of lactation; from the side, approx. one-third visible in front of the leg, one-third under the leg, and one-third behind the leg; texture soft, pliable, and elastic, well collapsed after milking, free of scar tissue, with halves symmetrical.Bucks: Two testicles should be present, smooth and symmetrical, and of adequate size for age. Any split in the scrotum should extend no more than one third total scrotal length. Two undeveloped teats should be present. Sheath should be normally developed for age.Fleece-- There are three primary fleece types: Type "A" Is a long fiber which averages 6+ inches in length. It hangs in long lustrous ringlets or sometimes flat wavy locks. It may be a single coat (without guard hair present) but a fine silky guard hair might be present. The fiber is like very fine mohair and the handle should be cool and silky smooth to the touch.Type "B" Is a blend of fibers which contains the characteristics of both Type "A" (mohair type) and Type "C" (cashmere type) fleece. Type "B" is usually softly curly and between 3 to 6 inches in length on average. There is obvious guard hair, though it may be finer then that found on Type "C" goats. A second silky guard hair might also be present. The fleece should exhibit luster and the handle should be fluffy, soft and lofty. The fleece on Type "B" goats is usually lighter in color than the hair coat, on average (i.e. A goat that is born black, or appears black when shed out, may grow a fleece that is either a lighter shade of brown or grey. A goat born with a dark red or brown hair coat may have a fleece that is very pale red (pink), cream colored or pale mocha).Type "C" Is a very fine fiber and can be acceptable as commercial cashmere.It is usually between 1 to 3 inches long but must be no less than 1 inch minimum. Type "C" has a matte finish (without luster) and a warm,creamy, suede-like handle. It must show some crimp. There is definite separation between the coarse guard hairs and fleece. Like Type "B" the fleece color is usually lighter than the guard hair color.Temperament--As a rule, a Nigora should have a calm, naturally amiable, laid back disposition and be neither aggressive nor excessively fearful when properly socialized.Severe Faults/Disqualifications:*Deformed mouth*Roached or swayed back*Weak conformation; lacking depth, slab sided or narrow body type *Serious emaciation; unthrifty constitution*Blindness*Permanent lameness; broken down pasterns, deformed and crooked feet and/or legs*Blind (non-functioning) udder half*Blind teat*Double teat (bifurcal, or fused)*Extra teat that interferes with milking (supernumerary)*Extra teat on buck (supernumerary)*Double orifice on buck*Crooked face*Active mastitis or any other cause of abnormal milk *Evidence of hermaphroditism*Evidence of any inability to reproduce*Anything other than two normal, fully descended testicles in bucks; more than 3-inch split in scrotum*Permanent physical defect from birth, such as navel herniaCopyright ANGBA
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