So...last Saturday (7/27) our 8 month old Billy "Brute" came flying back into the barn and was limping. Wouldn't let me touch him, so I went up to the house to get my husband and it was dinner time. 30 minutes later we went down to the barn to check on him and his leg was swollen to the shoulder and he couldn't lay down or put weight on it. After careful inspection, my husband and son found little "scratch marks" they concluded were a snake bite. We called the vet and got appropriate meds and Brute rebounded just fine with tons of Benadryl and 1 shot of a fast acting steroid. Last night (8/2) we went down to feed the goats and Petey didn't come to the feeder like he should and Jim noticed he was in the same shape only worse! His chest had swollen! So we gave him the same injection of steroids and Benadryl and at 3:30 am this morning he is resting quietly and eating and drinking, but of course still swollen. So we obviously have a copperhead issue where we hadn't known we had one--due to the goats being fenced in a brushy area we never really went into per se (except when we fenced it). Haven't seen a lot of copperheads in prior years, but this one has been somewhat bad--we've killed 2 near our house here in NE Kentucky). So I have a few questions: #1.) We haven't put collars of bells on our goats because we were afraid of them getting caught on something and not being able to get loose. Would bells help warn snakes away??? (NOTE: totally new to goats and we have 7 Billy's from newly weaned to 8 months old. So they can be a little rough and tumble, but thus far not to excess because we have no females on the property. And yes, we are in the process of selling them off so we can start a herd.) #2.) For those of you living in snake prone areas, besides clearing downfall and debris, what can we do? I mean we fenced (and we intending to fence) brushy areas behind our house and now I worry about the goats! --and yes, we have plans to go in and clear any debris that may be there, BUT, it seems like things are hanging out in the rose and berry bushes they love to eat! #3.) now that Brute and Petey have been bitten, what if they get bit again? Will they have some immunity or be more prone to die?